Asia to Europe and Return Trip Statistics
Just a few statistics we find useful to help keep us on the straight and narrow. 

Three sections:- Daily Distance, Fuel and Weekly Cost

Distance and cost charts are in four parts:- Asia to Europe, British Isles and Scandinavia, Europe and Morocco, Europe to Australia.

Asia-Europe Top
British Isles-Scandinavia Fuel 
Europe-Morocco Weekly Cost 
Distance Traveled Asia to Europe

We learned a long time ago that more than 300km per day average in a car was a bit too much. If we have a long day we need a day off. 600km is a very long day.

We definitely slowed down towards the North of China. And even more so towards the end of Mongolia. Sped up again in Europe.

  The worm. A slow but steady accumulation of km. Too steep and we are tired. Too shallow and we aren't making enough progress.

Its really an outcome of the schedule, which has fixed dates for China and length of visa limitations, plus how many detours we feel like making. Otherwise its road condition, on some rough roads its impractical to travel fast.

Also possibly useful to have a count of days vs distance travelled. As with all the distance charts there are a few days missing from the beginning in Malaysia.

We don't feel particularly rested despite around 25% of days with very little or no travel. A large proportion of them probably involved some sight seeing, particularly in China. In other countries we stop and have "do nothing" days or drive one day and sight see the next. Apart from the middle of China, and the latter part of Mongolia, we haven't been too tired. We managed to slow down a bit when necessary.

Perhaps China was also a little different due to the lack of "attractive" camp sites - this comment is of course written while in Mongolia where camping is so radically different.

We are in Europe in the 2011 off-season. Its essentially closed. We have an Indian Summer but same time last year Europe was under one meter of snow. We feel like we ought to dawdle but conditions seem to be against us.

The distance takes no account of the road condition and speed we were able to maintain but generally our average speed has been well below 70 km/hr. At times its probably been below 25 km/hr over rough roads. Rarely is our maximum speed above 80 km/hr, except for a couple of expressways in China when driving a long way.

Of the three long days of more than 500 km before Mongolia, two were in Thailand where we felt limited by the 15 day visa available for road entry and a long day after Tiger Leaping Gorge where we were retracing our steps.

In retrospect we probably should have better recorded driving time as well as distance. 

For the techies. The chart was drawn the hard way (with lots of if statements in a matrix of cells) after finding it totally impossible to work out what the MS Excel Histogram was really counting and to have it provide what I needed..

Distance Traveled British Isles and Scandinavia

Our pattern changed once free of visa restrictions and as we met European fuel, food and camping prices. Thus we traveled and ate out less.

Distance Traveled Europe and Morocco
British Isles-Scandinavia

Another change of travel pattern as we head to Morocco for a rest.

Distance Traveled Europe to Australia
British Isles-Scandinavia
And after the rest a change of pace. First as we twiddled our thumbs waiting for visas. Then a fast (for us) drive across Europe. Finally the routine of steadily making our way home.

Turkey was at times rushed due to back tracking for China visa application in Istanbul.

Road conditions through Kazakhstan were particularly trying given the distances involved.

Myanmar was bumpy roads and a convoy schedule. Tibet was a tour schedule on good roads.

Consumption and Cost Top
Consumption vs Speed Daily Distance
Price by Country Weekly Cost
  Fuel Consumption and Cost  

Fuel consumption is useful to know. If we drive too fast it goes up. It can also be an indication as to the health of the engine and other mechanical bits and pieces.

Also useful for understanding the effect on our budget is A$/100km which depends on fuel consumption, price and exchange rate. 

The higher than normal consumption in part of China is probably due to the diesel leak. The two fills after fixing it have distance estimated from gps due to the speedo failure. Diesel leak and speedo both fixed - though speedo is without the ratio adaptor for the large tyres so has a correction (calibrated from gps over long distance). It looks like diesel consumption has returned to normal.

The slow speed across the Gobi in Mongolia meant lower fuel consumption which partly compensated for the higher price. We think tyre pressure changes are also visible in fuel consumption but really haven't recorded sufficient detail. Not sure about the impact of when we locked the front hubs - probably haven't had them locked for long enough.

In Russia payment is made before fuel is pumped. Thus litres/100km is an estimate, I've used the average to date, until the tank can be filled to the top, or run to empty.

Europe is of course simply more expensive. Current European fuel prices can be seen at this website.

In the UK most pumps stop delivering at around 100 litres. We have two 120 litre tanks. This meant that only occasionally were the tanks filled, when I could be bothered walking over to the office to get the pump reset. Health and safety have had a wonderful time. South through France was similar but varying quantity / credit card limits on automated pumps. Cheaper at supermarkets in both countries. The chart sometimes reflects the average over several fills.

The fuel consumption increase in Morocco is hopefully due to driving in sand and rough roads. Just in case cleaned the air filter.

Fuel consumption increase in Turkey is probably due to exhaust flapper sticking, high speeds on good roads and lots of long steep mountain climbs. Consumption has reduced in Georgia, Russia and Kazakhstan. From as high as 20 litres/100km in Turkey to less than 15 litres/100km in Kazakhstan. Consistent with the speed vs consumption estimate below.

The effect of using diesel for cooking and heating is negligible / unmeasurable though it obviously has an effect.

Fuel Consumption vs Speed
Consumption and Cost
Price by Country
We finally had sufficient data to roughly estimate our fuel consumption at various speeds. A little difficult as its unusual to maintain a constant speed for sufficient time. However, we have had long periods of time where our average speed has been sufficiently consistent to allow a reasonable estimate. 

Having said that we can notice a difference between the same average speed on motorways and other roads where the occasional roundabout or other obstruction causes deceleration/acceleration. 

We have also recognised the difference between driving slowly on roads in Norway and sand in Morocco. The "stickier" sand raised the fuel consumption.

I suspect that the real curve measured on a dynamometer would be a bit steeper to the right but its a tad difficult to maintain an average speed of 100 km/hr to find out. And a bit flatter to the left, though we get a bit impatient at 20 km/hr for too long.

The value of this chart is probably having a guestimate of range for a full tank. The furthest we've traveled with two full tanks and a reasonable safety margin is 1600km in Australia over dirt roads.

As mentioned above, the $/100km is an outcome of average speed, road conditions (surface, straightness, hilliness, etc.), and fuel price.

Fuel Price by Country
Consumption and Cost
Consumption vs Speed
For all fills prior to Europe there has been a pump attendant. Mongolia in particular they have been as good as us at checking we really do need diesel.
Country    Number of Fills    Currency    Cost/litre    A$/litre    Name   Pump Colour
Malaysia 1 RMB 1.8 $0.56 blue
Thailand 5 Baht 30.3 - 31.5 $1.01 - $1.05 dsel blue
Cambodia 4 US$ 1.06 - 1.17 $1.01 - $1.12 blue
Laos 6 Kip 9600 - 10450 $1.13 - $1.23 diesel blue
    More expensive in the South
China 12 RMB 7.33 - 7.63 $1.06 - $1.12 chaiyou

Pumps show octane, like 93#, 97#. Diesel is 0#

  1 RMB 8.18 $1.20 chaiyou (cold weather)
    Last fill before Mongolia.
Mongolia 5 Togrog 1650 - 1880 - 2020 $1.31 - $1.48 - $1.59 diesel

More expensive at the Southern border. Cheapest around Ulaan Bataar (our first fill at T1650)


Octane shown as #0 like China. Also Cyrillic "D"  and "T". Thus "ДТ").

Russia 7 Rouble 22.00 - 26.50 $0.69 - $0.85 diesel

Same pump signage as Mongolia. Hence - "ДТ"


More expensive towards Mongolian border.


Different grades. "EURO" seems to be more expensive.  We're not quite sure what the grades are and its sometimes unclear what is being sold.


Euro grade seems to be around R24.80 per liter. We filled mostly with Euro grade.

Ukraine 3 Hryvnia 9.30 - 9.80 $1.17 - $1.23 Diesel

Same pump signage as Mongolia. Hence - "ДТ" also - "Дn"


Not the same attention to grades. Near the Hungarian border it seemed to separate into "Euro" and "TIR".

Hungary 1 Forint 437.9 $1.88 Diesel

Just "diesel".

Slovenia 0
Italy 1 Euro 1.531 $2.04 Diesel

Ironically no mention of "Euro Diesel" as we saw in Russia.

France 2 Euro 1.49 - 1.51 $1.99 - $2.01 Premium Diesel Black

Near Swiss / Italian borders

4 1.35 - 1.39 $1.79 - $1.85 Gazole Black

Not sure if tax involved in labeling of pumps  for "trucks" and "cars".


Automated pumps limit quantity / credit card. Hard to fill tank.

British Isles (England, Wales, Scotland, Isle Of Man) 14 Pounds 1.39 - 1.49 $2.11 - $2.26 Diesel Black

Became more expensive as we traveled and further north.


Isle Of Man was GBP1.49. Probably most expensive on our trip.

Germany 1 Euro 1.49 $1.99 Diesel Black

Cheaper off the autobahns.

Denmark 2 Danish Kroner 11.09 - 11.72 $1.92 - $2.03 Diesel Black
Sweden 5 Swedish Kroner 14.03 - 14.64 $2.00 - $2.09 Diesel Black
Finland 2 Euro 1.56 - 1.64 $2.08 - $2.19 Diesel Black

Expensive at Utsjoki before Norway border, better a few km east on Finnish side of River Tana

Norway 4 Norwegian Kroner 13.29 - 13.65 $2.16 - $2.22 Diesel Black

Full tanks on arrival, empty tanks on departure!

Spain 2 Euro 1.339 $1.78 Gazoleo Black

Pump attendant in North. We were lucky and filled both tanks. Generally more expensive.

Portugal 1 Euro 1.399 $1.87 Gazoleo Black

Prices not routinely advertised.

Morocco   6   Dirham   8.34 - 8.50   $0.93 - $0.95   Diesel Black
Andorra   1   Euro   1.19   $1.49   Diesel Black
Czech Republic   1   Czech Crowns   34.7   $1.73   Diesel Black
Montenegro   2   Euro   1.22   $1.52   Diesel Black
Albania   1   Lek   1.19   $1.49   Diesel Black
Greece   4   Euro   1.30 -  1.40   $1.62 - $1.75   Diesel Black
Turkey   8   Turkish Lira   3.77 - 4.23   $2.11 - $2.37   Motorin or Euro Diesel Black
    Prices seem to be in two brackets. Around 4.2 and around 3.9. For both Euro Diesel and Motorin. In 2011 Turkey reportedly switched to low sulphur so all diesel is the same. However, we've also seen reports of better fuel consumption from higher priced fuel. But no data. Our consumption is higher than most countries (but that may be due to exhaust flapper sticking and a lot of higher speed driving on good roads and lots of steep mountains). Its confused us because "Euro Diesel" also refers to the pump nozzle required to fit some vehicles designed to run on low sulphur Euro Diesel - thus two pumps at the same station with the same price, one marked Motorin the other Euro Diesel.

The pumps have elaborate computer systems attached and have attendants who are good at pressing buttons and swiping their cards. We have been asked occasionally for "fische", which we think is some sort of ticket we don't have. Our registration number is recorded at the pump but we don't know why. 

Georgia   1   Georgian Lari   2.00   $1.32   Diesel or Euro Diesel Black or Yellow
Kazakhstan   6   Kazakhstan Tenge   97 - 102   $0.68 - $0.72   Diesel Black
Kirgyzstan   2   Som   39.9 - 43.5   $0.81 - $0.88   Diesel Black
China (Tibet) 6 RMB 7.2 - 9.5 $1.26 - $1.67 chaiyou
Nepal 2 Nepal Rupees 102 - 103 $1.12 - $1.13 diesel
India 10 Indian Rupees 52.9 - 60.2 $0.95 - $1.08 diesel
Myanmar 3 Kyat 990 - 1034 $1.16 - $1.22 simple diesel (or premium)

Exchange rates have changed while we've been traveling. Up by 10% (Aus dollar improves) and down by 10%.


Weekly Costs



British Isles-Scandinavia

Daily Distance



Total Costs
A bit of a summary of costs. A comparison of costs for different stages.

General expenses are the day to day living, transport, camping and entertainment. Controllable to some extent. Extraordinary is things like shipping, hotel and other setup costs in Malaysia, the solar regulator, oil change, truck repairs and tyres, and the Chinese agency costs.

By a quirk of maths the longer we travel the lower the $/week for shipping, though of course the $ doesn't change.

  Weekly Cost Asia to Europe  

And the weekly cost. Just to exercise some sort of control. We have a vague idea of budget but don't feel constrained. After 12 months we are well and truly under budget.

Philosophically, cost is an outcome of how we approach the trip rather than trying to squeeze ourselves into a budget. Just like any good management accountant, if we wanted a different cost outcome we'd have to do something differently. Cost is really an indicator of how well, or poorly, other things are working. For the management, and other, accountants that don't accept or comprehend that I can recommend reading "Relevance Lost".

We have a detailed break down but really haven't had to look too closely at it.

Fuel costs are about 50%. The last high week in China we filled up 3 times instead of the previous 1 or 2 times per week. The low week in China has only one fuel fill and a couple of rest days. If we have to fill up more than twice in a week, or more than three times in two weeks we think we are traveling too fast.

Food (eating out and in) is about 20%. We stocked up on food in China before Mongolia in the expectation that some things we like wouldn't be available (like Orange Juice, Cow's Milk, margarine, chicken and steak, etc.). Apart from the supermarkets of Ulaan Bataar we were basically correct. The low cost of Mongolia reflects feeding ourselves and camping wherever we could - not to save money per se, just because that's how we like it.

We aren't tea total but have found that alcohol exacerbates a headache problem. This trip is challenging enough without any complications of alcohol so we've been substantially booze free. A bit hard in Portugal with wine around A$2 per bottle.

In Europe we see higher fuel prices, significant road tolls in Slovenia and Italy though mostly avoided elsewhere by using minor roads, and camping ground costs have begun to have an impact. Having said that we've free camped in Scotland, Scandinavia, Spain and Portugal while using Aires in France.

Slightly confusing, the weeks start on Sunday and end on Saturday but none of our border crossings occurred on Saturday or Sunday so some weeks have costs from two countries.

Not sure why but cumulative spend is probably useful. Similar to the distance worm!
Weekly Cost British Isles and Scandinavia
As mentioned above, our pattern of travel changed once we reached Europe. Our average weekly cost has stayed roughly the same. The high initial cost in Sweden reflects getting there - a mixture of ferries and tolls. We were wiser on the way back and caught a ferry from Norway to Denmark then Denmark to England. The scales of these next two charts are a little different to the above two charts.
Weekly Cost Europe and Morocco
British Isles-Scandinavia
Another change. Hopefully a rest in Morocco. The high cost in Spain was due to three tanks full of diesel in that week.
Weekly Cost Europe to Australia
British Isles-Scandinavia
The high initial cost in UK and Europe reflects the high cost of visas, some stocking up on supplies, and the long days driving through Western Europe with high fuel costs. Turkey has high fuel costs, lots of museum entries early on, and extra costs associated with chasing Chinese visas.